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ajafari

Post subject: The greatest common factor of 16 Posted: Sun Dec 06, 2009 3:22 pm 


Course Students 

Posts: 17

The greatest common factor of 16 and the positive integer n is 4, and the greatest common factor of n and 45 is 3. Which of the following could be the greatest common factor of n and 210? 3 14 30 42 70
OA 42
The explanation states that a 7 but not a 5 could be a common factor. Can someone please explain this. I don't see how 7 is a common factor.





vili_exisu

Post subject: Re: The greatest common factor of 16 Posted: Sun Dec 06, 2009 7:50 pm 


Students 

Posts: 3

Because the question states that the GCD between n and 45 is only 3. Thus, 5 cannot be a factor of n, but 7 could be.





esledge

Post subject: Re: The greatest common factor of 16 Posted: Tue Feb 09, 2010 5:15 pm 


ManhattanGMAT Staff 

Posts: 898 Location: St. Louis, MO

This is almost a verbal question! ajafari, your question boiled down to the difference between is and could. ajafari wrote: I don't see how 7 is a common factor. vili_exisu wrote: Because the question states that the GCD between n and 45 is only 3. Thus, 5 cannot be a factor of n, but 7 could be.
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bpriya

Post subject: Re: The greatest common factor of 16 Posted: Fri Jul 23, 2010 7:27 pm 


Prospective Students 

Posts: 1

Shouldn't 42, the answer, and 16 still have a common factor of 4? Since 45 and 42 have a common factor of 3. Am I missing something?





loving.achin

Post subject: Re: The greatest common factor of 16 Posted: Sat Jul 24, 2010 3:00 am 


Students 

Posts: 7

@bpriya : >> Shouldn't 42, the answer, and 16 still have a common factor of 4? Since 45 and 42 have a common factor of 3. Am I missing something? Nice question, but a small conceptual problem here. They are asking you GCF of n and 210. You can take this question in the following way. GCF (16, n) = 4. This means that n is a multiple of 4 but not of 8 or 16. (this is quite important point) GCF (45, n) = 3. This means that n is a multiple of 3 but not of 5 or 9 or 15 or 45. It comes from the following logic. 45 = 5 * 3 * 3 n and 45 has GCF = 3. This means that only 3 is the only common number between both and hence no other multiple of it exist in other number. Right?
Hence we got that 4 and 3 exists between a number n.
=> n = a multiple of 4 and 3.
Now GCF(n, 210) = ? 210 = 7 * 3 * 5 * 2 n = x * 4 * 3
The common number between the two are : 2 * 3. But 6 is not in answer choice. This means there is something else also common between the two.
Can x be a multiple of 5 ? NO, as we ruled out 5 in case (2). i.e. GCF(n, 45) Can x be a multiple of 2 ? NO, 210 has only one 2. Can x be a multiple of 7 ? YES, as we haven;t ruled out any case in which 7 is not valid.
Hence x is a multiple of 7. Hence GCF = 2 * 3 * 7 = 42.
I hope it clears your doubt.
@ ajafari : Did you see how we derived it to be a multiple of 7 above.
Please let me know if you have any other query/issue.
Thanks Achin





mschwrtz

Post subject: Re: The greatest common factor of 16 Posted: Sun Aug 22, 2010 11:32 am 


ManhattanGMAT Staff 

Posts: 503

That looks good loving.achin. Another way to say the same thing:
Among the prime factor of n will be exactly two 2s (since GCF of n and 16 is 4, not 8, etc.), exactly one 3 (since GCF of n and 45 is 3, not 9, etc.) and exactly zero 5s (since GCF on n and 45 is not a multiple of 5). Anything else is permitted. Nothing else is required.





suskom

Post subject: Re: The greatest common factor of 16 Posted: Fri Nov 22, 2013 3:47 pm 


Forum Guests 

Posts: 1

Not sure if I am missing something here but why couldn't the value of n be 12?
If that is the case, the greatest common factor of n (12) and 210 COULD be 3.





mondegreen

Post subject: Re: The greatest common factor of 16 Posted: Sat Nov 23, 2013 7:58 am 


Forum Guests 

Posts: 26

suskom wrote: Not sure if I am missing something here but why couldn't the value of n be 12?
If that is the case, the greatest common factor of n (12) and 210 COULD be 3. \When x and y are 2 integers, their GCD h is defined when x/h = Integer and y/h = Integer. The GCD of 12 and 210, as you say can be 3. Indeed, 12/3 = 4 and 210/3 = 70. However, GCD stands for "GREATEST" common factor. What if I could find another integer, greater than 3, which still divides into 12 and 210 evenly? The GCD of 12 and 210 is actually 6.





RonPurewal

Post subject: Re: The greatest common factor of 16 Posted: Sun Nov 24, 2013 12:59 am 


ManhattanGMAT Staff 

Posts: 14684

suskom wrote: Not sure if I am missing something here but why couldn't the value of n be 12?
If that is the case, the greatest common factor of n (12) and 210 COULD be 3. "Greatest" means ... well, greatest. 3 is a common factor of 12 and 210, but it's not the greatest one. (See the post above this one.)
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