kaveri_princess wrote:The value of an investment increases by x% during January and decreases by y% during February. If the value of the investment is the same at the end of February as at the beginning of January, what is y in terms of x ?

200x

________

100 + 2x

x(2 + x)

________

(1 + x)2

2x

_______

1 + 2x

x(200 + x)

_________

10,000

100 -10,000

___________

100 + x

kaveri,

I think the easiest and best way to handle this problem is to pick numbers. First, let's pick an amount of money to start with. Since we are dealing with percents, let's pick $100.

Now, we need to increase $100 by x% in January and decrease that result by y% in February, and have the amount return back to $100.

I decided to choose x=25. So a 25% increase is $125. Then I need to reduce that amount by $25 to take it back to $100. $25/$125 is 20%, thus y=20.

The question asks "what is y in terms of x"? When you pick numbers, mentally cross off anything about "in terms of (variable)". So the real question is "what is y"? Our answer is 20, so that is what we are targeting.

E is actually the answer, and it needs to be written differently so you can reach your target. It should be:

E) 100 - (10,000/100 + x)

If you substitute x-25, you get:

100 - (10,000/125)

100 - 80 = 20, which matches our target

Thank you,