## Q10

ManhattanPrepLSAT1
Atticus Finch

Posts: 2851
Joined: October 07th, 2009

This post thanked 1 time.

### Q10

Rendona001
Vinny Gambini

Posts: 8
Joined: September 27th, 2016

### Re: Q10

Hi,

Can someone clarify what this question means? Or how to attack this type of question? Thanks!

ohthatpatrick
Atticus Finch

Posts: 4259
Joined: April 01st, 2011

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### Re: Q10

We call these nasty ones Rule Equivalency.

Over the last 20 tests, there has been one of these per Games sections. They're sometimes fine and sometimes miserable. I'm comfortable skipping them and saving them for last if nothing jumps out on the first pass.

The question stem is just asking, "Which of these answer choices could we put in place of Rule 2 and have the exact same game?"

Answer choices will be wrong because they would change the game in some way, specifically ...

1. Too Restrictive (they prevent something that used to be allowed)
or
2. Too Permissive (they allow something that used to be forbidden)

I start with Too Restrictive thinking, because you can use previous work to analyze that.

For (A), for example, it's saying that every time F is 7, H is 2. Check your previous scenarios -- if you have any scenarios where F was 7 but H was not 2, then you can eliminate this answer.

If an answer survives the Too Restrictive filter, then I ask myself, "Would this do the work of the rule being replaced?"

In this case, examining (A), would this rule force H to be before K and prevent H from being 1?

Doesn't look like it! If F is 7, then H can't be 1, and H would come sometime before the GK chunk.
But ... if F isn't 7, then all bets are off. Nothing would prevent H from being 1st or from H coming after K.

So, in summary, for each answer choice, ask yourself:
1. Can I find a previous scenario that breaks this rule? (that shows the rule is too restrictive)
and
2. Does this do the work of the rule being replaced? or, alternatively, could I follow THIS rule but break the ORIGINAL rule? (that shows the rule is too permissive)

Elle Woods

Posts: 77
Joined: March 31st, 2017

### Re: Q10

I found the wording of answer choice E to be confusing. How do you diagram this rule? I came up with: F--H--K

JesseKirkland
Vinny Gambini

Posts: 2
Joined: March 19th, 2017

This post thanked 1 time.

### Re: Q10

The F - H - K graphing of answer choice (E) looks good to me. I was reading the word "which" in the answer choice as referring to H. So K is after H and H is after F.

e.sterlingsmith
Vinny Gambini

Posts: 12
Joined: March 11th, 2013

### Re: Q10

I also thought E worked. F diagrammed it F- H-GK which would stop H from being in 1 and force it ahead of GK

ohthatpatrick
Atticus Finch

Posts: 4259
Joined: April 01st, 2011

This post thanked 1 time.

### Re: Q10

(E) definitely "does the work" of the rule we're getting rid of, since F - H - GK guarantees that H is before K but not 1st.

However, F - H - GK does not give us a game identical to the game we were playing up until that question, because in the actual game, F can be 1 or 7.

According to this new rule, F could never be 7. Thus, it does not have the same effect (it does not produce an identical game)

RodrigoA220
Vinny Gambini

Posts: 6
Joined: October 22nd, 2017

### Re: Q10

Can someone walk me through why answer choice D DOES have the same effect as rule 2? I understand attacking these is long and tedious, but I'm having trouble conceptualizing how this rule replaces rule 2

ohthatpatrick
Atticus Finch

Posts: 4259
Joined: April 01st, 2011

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### Re: Q10

This question is an outlier, when it comes to Rule Equivalency.

It is by far the hardest one I know of, and you never could have predicted the mechanism the correct answer uses.

(D) Unless Hibiscus is second, it must be somewhere between Magnolia and Gardenias.

If H isn't 2nd, then it's somewhere between M and G.

We need to achieve the same effect as
H is before K, but H can't be first.

Does the rule in (D) achieve the effect that "H can't be first"?

The trigger is "If H isn't 2nd".

If H is 2nd, then it obviously can't be first.
and according to the rule,
If H isn't 2nd, it's between M and G, so it can't be first.

That part checks out. Does this rule force H to be earlier than K?

If H is 2nd, then H is before K, since the GK chunk would have to come later.

If H isn't 2nd, the rule in (D) says that H is between M and G,
so it's either
GK - H - M
or
M - H - GK.

In the M - H - GK possibility, H is before K.

The GK - H - M possibility is actually NOT a possibility, because it violates the rule that M has to be in the first three spots.

Let me reiterate that THIS ANSWER CHOICE IS A UNIQUE FLAVOR OF MISERY.

RodrigoA220
Vinny Gambini

Posts: 6
Joined: October 22nd, 2017

### Re: Q10

that makes sense, now, thank you!

I won't stress too much knowing it's that difficult of a question, but understanding it feels helpful.

emilysem
Vinny Gambini

Posts: 2
Joined: January 29th, 2018

### Re: Q10

So this is the only question out of the set that I have a super hard time understanding, even after reading the above explanations. Is this question type relatively uncommon (AKA, can I get away with not knowing how to do this because it's stressing me out)?

ohthatpatrick
Atticus Finch

Posts: 4259
Joined: April 01st, 2011

### Re: Q10

You can/should be thinking that Equivalent Rule questions are usually harder than an average Games question, so it's sensible to think that we might live with eating that missed point, if it saves us time and allows us to get more attainable points later in the section.

I am very willing to circle one of those and come back (kind of like long Matching questions in Logical Reasoning ... I'd rather save them until I've done all the other questions in the section).

BUT ....

Not sure if you were registering this as you read the thread:
THIS PARTICULAR Equivalent Rule question is BY FAR the meanest ever. Many correct answers to Equivalent Rule are WAY EASIER than this is. So you can definitely have a negative prejudice against Equivalent Rule, but it can't be on the basis of THIS question, which is a total outlier.

AnnaC659
Jackie Chiles

Posts: 40
Joined: January 03rd, 2018

### Re: Q10

Can someone go through C for me?

Thank you!

ohthatpatrick
Atticus Finch

Posts: 4259
Joined: April 01st, 2011

### Re: Q10

C is saying that H will always be in spots 2, 3, 4, or 5.

So we're asking ourselves 2 questions:
1. Was that always true before (or is this too restrictive)?

2. Following this new rule, can I break the old rule (is this new rule too permissive)?

#1 is true. Since H couldn't be 1, and we had a H - GK rule, H was always going to be limited to 2, 3, 4, or 5.

So onto #2. Following this rule, is it possible to break the original rule? (i.e. is it possible to get K before H)

Looks like it. I just tried this scenario. It honors all the original rules (other than rule 2)
F M G K H I L
and it honors choice (C).

So (C) is too permissive. It's not a rule that results in the same game, because (C) would allow for a scenario like
F M G K H I L
whereas the rule 2 would never allow for that.

Hope this helps.

shanks
Vinny Gambini

Posts: 1
Joined: September 30th, 2018

### Re: Q10

I'm on the boat that these are the worst questions ever, but for some reason I raced through this one without significant issue.

First pass... I reviewed previous work/questions
(A) and (B) were quickly eliminated because Q6 answer (C) shows that both are possible.

Second pass... I focused on my rules
(C) was eliminated because it didn't force Hibiscus before the [GK] chunk. (If H was 6, where does the chunk go?...BEFORE H)
(D) was eliminated because new rule F-H-K, eliminated possibility of F going 7th. (Too Restrictive).

Third...if time allows test (D)
If H3, then _ _ H_ _ _ _, F1, M2, [GK]4-7, (IL)4-7 = FMH(GK,IL)
If H4 then _ I/L _ H_ _ _, M1or3, [GK] 5-7, F7 = MILHGKF, or ILMHGKF
If H5 then F M (I,L) H G K,
*If H is 2nd, then _ H _ _ _ _ _, M1or3, [GK]2-7, (IL)3-7, F1or7 = FHM(GK,IL), or MH(GK,IL)F
All rules appear to work, nothing new is added to game, nothing is taken away. I am confident in (D).

PaulW588
Vinny Gambini

Posts: 1
Joined: October 19th, 2018

### Re: Q10

My anxiety with these questions is I freeze and don't know what to really do to get to the answer. Normally with a confusing LG you just plug away, but these types of questions just get me frazzled. Would someone explain what my process should be with this, on a detailed level? I really hate this question type.

ohthatpatrick
Atticus Finch

Posts: 4259
Joined: April 01st, 2011

### Re: Q10

Correct answers have to satisfy two things:
1. They allow everything that was allowed before
2. They forbid everything that was forbidden before

You can choose to evaluate all the answers for #1 and then circle back to #2,
or you can evaluate each answer as you go for both, or you can decide on the fly (i.e. PLAN to check out all the answers for #1, but maybe you get a strong intuitive sense that you might be looking at the right answer and decide to just go ahead with checking #2 while you're there)

To check #1, you simply ask:
- Was this true before? If not, eliminate. If so, keep.
- Do I have any previous work that goes against this new rule? If so, eliminate.

To check #2, you ask:
- Does this new rule do the work of the old rule? If not, eliminate. If so, pick it.

- Can I write a scenario that obeys the new rule but breaks the old rule? If so, eliminate.

Put more simply:
1st - eliminate any answers that go against any of your previous work or that just sound to you like they're adding restrictions you don't remember having before

2nd - convince yourself that the new rule forces the same reality as the old rule, or prove the answer wrong by writing a scenario that obeys the new rule while breaking the old rule

Hope this helps.