Not all reading comprehension passages are the long boring ones that everyone hates; we also see quite short passages that are perhaps more appropriately called arguments. We can then be asked to strengthen or weaken the conclusion, find the conclusion, articulate the role of a specific piece of information, and so on. Today we’re going to talk about how to Weaken a conclusion.
We’re going to use the analysis process that we discussed in a previous article; please take a look at that article first if you haven’t already.
We want to average about 1.5 to 2 minutes on RC questions in general, so set your timer for either 1.5 minutes (if RC is a strength) or 2 minutes (if RC is a weakness). (© ManhattanPrep).
Universal preschool is a misguide use of public funds. This early academic focus will undermine the social, emotional, and mental development associated with a carefree early childhood. Furthermore, the economic burden on the state to fund such an ambitious undertaking will be overwhelming in both the short-term and long-term, since the state has no way to offset the program’s costs.
Which of the following, if true, most weakens the idea that universal preschool will be an economic burden on the state?
(A) Students who attend preschool are more likely to complete high school than students who do not attend preschool.
(B) Preschool educated children fare much better in kindergarten than do children without preschool.
(C) Part of the high cost of universal preschool stems from its requirement that preschool teachers have a bachelor’s degree and a teaching credential.
(D) The taxes necessary to fund universal preschool can come from a variety of sources, including property taxes and bond measures.
(E) Students who attend preschool are less likely to require special education, an expensive public service.
The first thing everybody does is check the answer “ so I’ll tell you that the answer is E. Even if you answered correctly, though, you’re not done! You still need to analyze the problem. : )
Now we’re going to analyze our work. I’ve reproduced the questions from the How To Analyze article below, but in a shorter form. I’ve followed the questions with italicized notes. These italics represent what I would think to myself when analyzing this problem.